How exactly to try to find documents of. Uk gallantry that is military

How do I see the documents covered in this guide?

Exactly how many are online?

1. Why utilize this guide?

Once you learn of someone who received a Uk army medal or honor for the work of bravery, gallantry or even for meritorious solution between 1854 and c1990 and you also wish to learn whether accurate documentation for the prize and just why it had been granted exist, this guide would be of good use. On the list of many medals and honors included in the guide will be the:

For suggestions about civilian gallantry awards consult our Civilian gallantry medals guide. You can find split documents when it comes to prize of campaign medals (granted solely for service) – see our Uk Army campaign and service medals guide for suggestions about finding these.

2. The records of gallantry medals and honors

2.1 Public notices

Virtually all gallantry prizes to Uk nationals are publicly established when you look at the government that is official, the London Gazette. This announcement that is public usually the only record that endures of an prize. Notices additionally showed up, where appropriate, into the colonial or dominion gazettes.

2.2 tips and citations

A suggestion is a complete declaration, frequently furnished by a commanding officer, of why a medal is granted to a person.

A citation is a short formal statement, extracted from the suggestion, of why a medal ended up being awarded.

Whether accurate documentation of a citation or even a suggestion survives depends, mainly, from the style of prize. Sometimes citations are posted within the London Gazette not constantly during the exact same date as the statement. A citation or suggestion may survive in the sometimes solution record for the person.

2.3 Registers

For many medals you will find registers and listings of recipients addressing a war that is specific 12 months or variety of years.

3. How to locate documents

Find out where to search for documents of the medal that is particular consulting the dining table below. The next advice that is general additionally help you to get started:

3.1 on line records

In many cases, to look at records you will have to find document sources and either order copies or visit us to see the initial papers in individual. The following documents, nonetheless, can be seen or downloaded on line.

3.2 fundamental search strategies for finding initial papers

You should use our catalogue to find documents. Search with all the title of a medal with the higher level search to target the records associated with particular record divisions for every single branch associated with army, the following.

3.3 Public notices and posted citations

In many situations, the most readily useful spot to start out could be the London Gazette, available regarding the Gazette web site, though for all medals a citation had not been posted (begin to see the dining dining table below for medal-by-medal details). You are able to search the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book date and kind of prize. You will have to know approximately as soon as the honor ended up being announced or ‘gazetted’. There was clearly constantly a wait between your gallant deed, the award that is actual of medal, and book into the London Gazette. The Gazette indexes offered by The National Archives can help establish a night out together.

3.4 tips, registers and citations that are unpublished

Check always posted sources, like those into the further reading part of this guide, before you begin a seek out documents of guidelines or citations because they may possibly provide precise document recommendations and extra information. The dining dining dining table below provides links into the record series many very likely to include info on specific honors.

3.5 Table of record sources for gallantry medals

Click the London Gazette links to locate the Gazette by name, solution quantity, book date and kind of honor. Go through the document show sources and search by title of medal. The records that are online be searched by title of receiver.

Footnotes: (1) guidelines in AIR 2 are arranged by old Air Ministry file guide quantity, maybe perhaps not title. Contact the Ministry of Defence whom might be able to provide you with the file guide.

Be aware that medals released because of the British Army were not granted exclusively to British Army soldiers – they are often granted to workers through the other services that are armed. Some members of the Royal Air Force received British Army awards during the Second World War, for example. The exact same is true of the Royal Navy and RAF, making sure that, for instance, a true quantity of airmen of this Fleet Air Arm, a branch of this Royal Navy, received RAF prizes.

4. International honors to Britons and British prizes to servicemen that are foreign ladies (from 1854)

4.1 Notices

These honors are established within the London Gazette underneath the heading ‘Foreign Orders’.

For draft variations of London Gazette announcements 1914-1928 browse WO 388 by guide. A few of these announcements that are pre-publication annotated. The papers in this show (WO 388) are arranged by nation. WO 388/6 to 15, including indexes in WO 388/8 to 15, can be obtained to download online (you can download the indexes totally free).

4.2 Suggestions

Military honors exchanged between Uk and armies that are foreign 1946 onwards are searchable by title and prize within the tips (WO 373) on the web. These can include those maybe not showing up within the London Gazette.

4.3 Listings

Some lists can be found by you of international honors within FO 83 (before 1906) and FO 372 (after 1906). Discover files containing these lists making use of the Foreign Office communication indexes during the National Archives. It really is believed why these listings are not comprehensive.

5. Laws and policy files (from 1854)

As a whole, you can easily search our catalogue because of the medal name or its abbreviation to see if you can find any policy files. There are several particular series which document the regulations governing the prize of medals.

For policy files on medals, see series ADM 1 rule 85, ADM 116 code 85, AIR 1, AIR 2, HO 45 rule 30, MT 9 rule 6, T 300 and T 333 and WO 32 rule 50.

6. The design and make of medals (1805-1986)

Purchases for gallantry medals (especially within the century that is 19th might be followed by information on recipients as well as the action that resulted in the prize. Take to show MINT 16, MINT 20, MINT 24 and MINT 25. Re Re Search key words to our catalogue such as for instance ‘awards’ or ‘decorations’.

7. Replacing and medals that are claiming

Contact the Ministry of Defence for campaign along with other medals released after 1939. Medals granted before 1939 can not any longer be changed.

8. Further reading and other resources

Online language resources

The Ministry of Defence’s British armed forces medals booklet, available from GOV.UK. Listings the medals awarded for service when you look at the british forces that are armed followed closely by a picture for every single medal.

Listings of Victoria Cross recipients announced within the Gazette when it comes to World that is first War 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919.


Look at the National Archives’ bookshop for a variety of available magazines about Uk armed forces gallantry medals. Every one of the publications listed here are obtainable in The nationwide Archives’ Library for assessment at our building in Kew.

Peter Edwards Abbott and John Michael Allen Tamplin, British Gallantry prizes (London, 1981)

Michael Maton, Honour The Recipents of international prizes (Honiton: Token Publishing 2013)

William Spencer, Army Records for Family Historians (3nd edn, The nationwide Archives, 2008)

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